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kjv@2Peter:1:20 @ Knowing this first, that no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation.

kjv@2Peter:1:21 @ For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost.

It may beyond the scope of this present writing to attempt to definitively tackle the skeptics' adamant conclusions on the subject of possible Bible authorship/inspiration and inerrancy. We must however approach our need for these doctrines to be true as it is most essential to the proper operation/justification of "like precious" faith.

Contextual Anchors:

1. Scripture


Quoted resource: strongs 'G1124'

G1124 @ γραφή graphē graf-ay' From G1125; a document that is holy Writ (or its contents or a statement in it): - scripture.

(See: Topical study BibleFacts dict:torrey Scripture )


Quoted resource: torrey 'Scripture'

Scriptures, the @ Given by inspiration of God kjv@2Timothy:3:16 -- Given by inspiration of the Holy Spirit kjv@Acts:1:16 kjv@Hebrews:3:7 kjv@2Peter:1:21 -- Christ sanctioned, by appealing to them kjv@Matthew:4:4 kjv@Mark:12:10 kjv@John:7:42 -- Christ taught out of kjv@Luke:24:27 -- Are called the -- Word kjv@James:1:21-23 kjv@1Peter:2:2 -- Word of God kjv@Luke:11:28 kjv@Hebrews:4:12 -- Word of Christ kjv@Colossians:3:16 -- Word of truth kjv@James:1:18 -- Holy Scriptures kjv@Romans:1:2 kjv@2Timothy:3:15 -- Scripture of truth kjv@Daniel:10:21 -- Book kjv@Psalms:40:7 kjv@Revelation:22:19 -- Book of the Lord kjv@Isaiah:34:16 -- Book of the law kjv@Nehemiah:8:3 kjv@Galatians:3:10 -- Law of the Lord kjv@Psalms:1:2 kjv@Isaiah:30:9 -- Sword of the Spirit kjv@Ephesians:6:17 -- Oracles of God kjv@Romans:3:2 kjv@1Peter:4:11 -- Contain the promises of the gospel kjv@Romans:1:2 -- Reveal the laws, statutes, and judgments of God kjv@Deuteronomy:4:5 kjv@Deuteronomy:4:14 kjv@Exodus:24:3 kjv@Exodus:24:4 -- Record divine prophecies kjv@2Peter:1:19-21 -- Testify of Christ kjv@John:5:39 kjv@Acts:10:43 kjv@Acts:18:28 kjv@1Corinthians:15:3 -- Are full and sufficient kjv@Luke:16:29 kjv@Luke:16:31 -- Are an unerring guide kjv@Proverbs:6:23 kjv@2Peter:1:19 -- Are able to make wise to salvation through faith in Christ Jesus kjv@2Timothy:3:15 -- Are profitable both for doctrine and practice kjv@2Timothy:3:16 kjv@2Timothy:3:17 -- Described as -- Pure kjv@Psalms:12:6 kjv@Psalms:119:140 kjv@Proverbs:30:5 -- True kjv@Psalms:119:160 kjv@John:17:17 -- Perfect kjv@Psalms:19:7 -- Precious kjv@Psalms:19:10 -- Quick and powerful kjv@Hebrews:4:12 -- Written for our instruction kjv@Romans:15:4 -- Intended for the use of all men kjv@Romans:16:26 -- Nothing to be taken from, or added to kjv@Deuteronomy:4:2 kjv@Deuteronomy:12:32 -- One portion of, to be compared with another kjv@1Corinthians:2:13 -- Designed for -- Regenerating kjv@James:1:18 kjv@1Peter:1:23 -- Quickening kjv@Psalms:119:50 kjv@Psalms:119:93 -- Illuminating kjv@Psalms:119:130 -- Converting the soul kjv@Psalms:19:7 -- Making wise the simple kjv@Psalms:19:7 -- Sanctifying kjv@John:17:17 kjv@Ephesians:5:26 -- Producing faith kjv@John:20:31 -- Producing hope kjv@Psalms:119:49 kjv@Romans:15:4 -- Producing obedience kjv@Deuteronomy:17:19 kjv@Deuteronomy:17:20 -- Cleansing the heart kjv@John:15:3 kjv@Ephesians:5:26 -- Cleansing the ways kjv@Psalms:119:9 -- Keeping from destructive paths kjv@Psalms:17:4 -- Supporting life kjv@Deuteronomy:8:3 kjv@Matthew:4:4 -- Promoting growth in grace kjv@1Peter:2:2 -- Building up in the faith kjv@Acts:20:32 -- Admonishing kjv@Psalms:19:11 kjv@1Corinthians:10:11 -- Comforting kjv@Psalms:119:82 kjv@Romans:15:4 -- Rejoicing the heart kjv@Psalms:19:8 kjv@Psalms:119:111 -- Work effectually in them that believe kjv@1Thessalonians:2:13 -- The letter of, without the spirit, killeth kjv@John:6:63 kjv@2Corinthians:3:6 -- Ignorance of, a source of error kjv@Matthew:22:29 kjv@Acts:13:27 -- Christ enables us to understand kjv@Luke:24:45 -- The Holy Spirit enable us to understand kjv@John:16:13 kjv@1Corinthians:2:10-14 -- No prophecy of, is of any private interpretation kjv@2Peter:1:20 -- Everything should be tried by kjv@Isaiah:8:20 kjv@Acts:17:11 -- Should be -- The standard of teaching kjv@1Peter:4:11 -- Believed kjv@John:2:22 -- Appealed to kjv@1Corinthians:1:31 kjv@1Peter:1:16 -- Read kjv@Deuteronomy:17:19 kjv@Isaiah:34:16 -- Read publicly to ALL kjv@Deuteronomy:31:11-13 kjv@Nehemiah:8:3 kjv@Jeremiah:36:6 kjv@Acts:13:15 -- Known kjv@2Timothy:3:15 -- Received, not as the word of men, but as the word of God kjv@1Thessalonians:2:13 -- Received with meekness kjv@James:1:21 -- Searched kjv@John:5:39 kjv@John:7:52 -- Searched daily kjv@Acts:17:11 -- Laid up in the heart kjv@Deuteronomy:6:6 kjv@Deuteronomy:11:18 -- Taught to children kjv@Deuteronomy:6:7 kjv@Deuteronomy:11:19 kjv@2Timothy:3:15 -- Taught to ALL kjv@2Chronicles:17:7-9 kjv@Nehemiah:8:7 kjv@Nehemiah:8:8 -- Talked of continually kjv@Deuteronomy:6:7 -- Not handled deceitfully kjv@2Corinthians:4:2 -- Not only heard, but obeyed kjv@Matthew:7:24 kjv@Luke:11:28 kjv@James:1:22 -- Used against our spiritual enemies kjv@Matthew:4:4 kjv@Matthew:4:7 kjv@Matthew:4:10 kjv@Ephesians:6:11 kjv@Ephesians:6:17 -- All should desire to hear kjv@Nehemiah:8:1 -- Mere hearers of, deceive themselves kjv@James:1:22 -- Advantage of possessing kjv@Romans:3:2 -- Saints -- Love exceedingly kjv@Psalms:119:97 kjv@Psalms:119:113 kjv@Psalms:119:159 kjv@Psalms:119:167 -- Delight in kjv@Psalms:1:2 -- Regard, as sweet kjv@Psalms:119:103 -- Esteem, above all things kjv@Job:23:12 -- Long after kjv@Psalms:119:82 -- Stand in awe of kjv@Psalms:119:161 kjv@Isaiah:66:2 -- Keep, in remembrance kjv@Psalms:119:16 -- Grieve when men disobey kjv@Psalms:119:158 -- Hide, in their hearts kjv@Psalms:119:11 -- Hope in kjv@Psalms:119:74 kjv@Psalms:119:81 kjv@Psalms:119:147 -- Meditate in kjv@Psalms:1:2 kjv@Psalms:119:99 kjv@Psalms:119:148 -- Rejoice in kjv@Psalms:119:162 kjv@Jeremiah:15:16 -- Trust in kjv@Psalms:119:42 -- Obey kjv@Psalms:119:67 kjv@Luke:8:21 kjv@John:17:6 -- Speak of kjv@Psalms:119:172 -- Esteem, as a light kjv@Psalms:119:105 -- Pray to be taught kjv@Psalms:119:12 kjv@Psalms:119:13 kjv@Psalms:119:33 kjv@Psalms:119:66 -- Pray to be conformed to kjv@Psalms:119:133 -- Plead the promises of, in prayer kjv@Psalms:119:25 kjv@Psalms:119:28 kjv@Psalms:119:41 kjv@Psalms:119:76 kjv@Psalms:119:169 -- They who search, are truly noble kjv@Acts:17:11 -- Blessedness of hearing and obeying kjv@Luke:11:28 kjv@James:1:25 -- Let them dwell richly in you kjv@Colossians:3:16 -- The wicked -- Corrupt kjv@2Corinthians:2:17 -- Make, of none effect through their traditions kjv@Mark:7:9-13 -- Reject kjv@Jeremiah:8:9 -- Stumble at kjv@1Peter:2:8 -- Obey not kjv@Psalms:119:158 -- Frequently wrest, to their own destruction kjv@2Peter:3:16 -- Denunciations against those who add to, or take from kjv@Revelation:22:18 kjv@Revelation:22:19 -- Destruction of, punished kjv@Jeremiah:36:29-31

2. Pherō̄ fer'-o - Moved

Quoted resource: strongs 'G5342'

G5342 @ φέρω pherō̄ fer'-o A primary verb (for which other and apparently not cognate ones are used in certain tenses only; namely οἴω oiō̄̄ and ἐνέγκω enegkō̄ to bear or carry (in a very wide application literally and figuratively: - be bear bring (forth) carry come + let her drive be driven endure go on lay lead move reach rushing uphold.

(See: Topical study dict:all Inspiration )


Quoted resource: torrey 'Inspiration'

Inspiration of the Holy Spirit, the @ Foretold kjv@Joel:2:28 kjv@Acts:2:16-18 -- All Scripture given by kjv@2Samuel:23:2 kjv@2Timothy:3:16 kjv@2Peter:1:21 -- Design of -- To reveal future events kjv@Acts:1:16 kjv@Acts:28:25 kjv@1Peter:1:11 -- To reveal the mysteries of God kjv@Amos:3:7 kjv@1Corinthians:2:10 -- To give power to ministers kjv@Micah:3:8 kjv@Acts:1:8 -- To direct ministers kjv@Ezekiel:3:24-27 kjv@Acts:11:12 kjv@Acts:13:2 -- To control ministers kjv@Acts:16:6 -- To testify against sin kjv@2Kings:17:13 kjv@Nehemiah:9:30 kjv@Micah:3:8 kjv@John:16:8 kjv@John:16:9 -- X=x&T=&Modes of -- Various kjv@Hebrews:1:1 -- By secret impulse kjv@Judges:13:25 kjv@2Peter:1:21 -- By a voice kjv@Isaiah:6:8 kjv@Acts:8:29 kjv@Revelation:1:10 -- By visions kjv@Numbers:12:6 kjv@Ezekiel:11:24 -- By dreams kjv@Numbers:12:6 kjv@Daniel:7:1 -- Necessary to prophesying kjv@Numbers:11:25-27 kjv@2Chronicles:20:14-17 -- Is irresistible kjv@Amos:3:8 -- Despisers of, punished kjv@2Chronicles:36:15 kjv@2Chronicles:36:16 kjv@Zechariah:7:12

3. Holy Ghost

(See: Topical study dict:torrey Holy Spirit and slidy:TorreyNamesOfHolySpirit )


Quoted resource: torrey 'Holy Spirit'

Holy Spirit, the Comforter, the @ Proceeds from the Father kjv@John:15:26 -- Given -- By the Father kjv@John:14:16 -- By Christ kjv@Isaiah:61:3 -- Through Christ's intercession kjv@John:14:16 -- Sent in the name of Christ kjv@John:14:26 -- Sent by Christ from the Father kjv@John:15:26 kjv@John:16:7 -- As such he -- Communicates joy to saints kjv@Romans:14:17 kjv@Galatians:5:22 kjv@1Thessalonians:1:6 -- Edifies the Church kjv@Acts:9:31 -- Testifies of Christ kjv@John:15:26 -- Imparts the love of God kjv@Romans:5:3-5 -- Imparts hope kjv@Romans:15:13 kjv@Galatians:5:5 -- Teaches saints kjv@John:14:26 -- Dwells with, and in saints kjv@John:14:17 -- Abides for ever with saints kjv@John:14:16 -- Is known by saints kjv@John:14:17 -- The world cannot receive kjv@John:14:17

Holy Spirit, The, is God @ As Jehovah kjv@Exodus:17:7 kjv@Hebrews:3:7-9 kjv@Numbers:12:6 kjv@2Peter:1:21 -- As Jehovah of hosts kjv@Isaiah:6:3 kjv@Isaiah:6:8-10 kjv@Acts:28:25 -- As Jehovah, Most High kjv@Psalms:78:17 kjv@Psalms:78:21 kjv@Acts:7:51 -- Being invoked as Jehovah kjv@Luke:2:26-29 kjv@Acts:4:23-25 kjv@Acts:1:16 kjv@Acts:1:20 kjv@2Thessalonians:3:5 -- As called God kjv@Acts:5:3 kjv@Acts:5:4 -- As joined with the Father and the Son in the baptismal formula kjv@Matthew:28:19 -- As eternal kjv@Hebrews:9:14 -- As omnipresent kjv@Psalms:139:7-13 -- As omniscient kjv@1Corinthians:2:10 -- As omnipotent kjv@Luke:1:35 kjv@Romans:15:19 -- As the Spirit of glory and of God kjv@1Peter:4:14 -- As Creator kjv@Genesis:1:26 kjv@Genesis:1:27 kjv@Job:33:4 -- As equal to, and one with the Father kjv@Matthew:28:19 kjv@2Corinthians:13:14 -- As Sovereign Disposer of all things kjv@Daniel:4:35 kjv@1Corinthians:12:6 kjv@1Corinthians:12:11 -- As Author of the new birth kjv@John:3:5 kjv@John:3:6 kjv@1John:5:4 -- As raising Christ from the dead kjv@Acts:2:24 kjv@1Peter:3:18 kjv@Hebrews:13:20 kjv@Romans:1:4 -- As inspiring Scripture kjv@2Timothy:3:16 kjv@2Peter:1:21 -- As the source of wisdom kjv@1Corinthians:12:8 kjv@Isaiah:11:2 kjv@John:16:13 kjv@John:14:26 -- As the source of miraculous power kjv@Matthew:12:28 kjv@Luke:11:20 kjv@Acts:19:11 kjv@Romans:15:19 -- As appointing and sending ministers kjv@Acts:13:2 kjv@Acts:13:4 kjv@Acts:9:38 kjv@Acts:20:28 -- As directing where the gospel should be preached kjv@Acts:16:6 kjv@Acts:16:7 kjv@Acts:16:10 -- As dwelling in saints kjv@John:14:17 kjv@1Corinthians:14:25 kjv@1Corinthians:3:16 kjv@1Corinthians:6:19 -- As Comforter of the Church kjv@Acts:9:31 kjv@2Corinthians:1:3 -- As sanctifying the Church kjv@Ezekiel:37:28 kjv@Romans:15:16 -- As the Witness kjv@Hebrews:10:15 kjv@1John:5:9 -- As convincing of sin, of righteousness, and of judgment kjv@John:16:8-11

Holy Spirit, the Personality Of @ He creates and gives life kjv@Job:33:4 -- He appoints and commissions ministers kjv@Isaiah:48:16 kjv@Acts:13:2 kjv@Acts:20:28 -- He directs ministers where to preach kjv@Acts:8:29 kjv@Acts:10:19 kjv@Acts:10:20 -- He directs ministers where not to preach kjv@Acts:16:6 kjv@Acts:16:7 -- He instructs ministers what to preach kjv@1Corinthians:2:13 -- He spoke in, and by, the prophets kjv@Acts:1:16 kjv@1Peter:1:11 kjv@1Peter:1:12 kjv@2Peter:1:21 -- He strives with sinners kjv@Genesis:6:3 -- He reproves kjv@John:16:8 -- He comforts kjv@Acts:9:31 -- He helps our infirmities kjv@Romans:8:26 -- He teaches kjv@John:14:26 kjv@1Corinthians:12:3 -- He guides kjv@John:16:13 -- He sanctifies kjv@Romans:15:16 kjv@1Corinthians:6:11 -- He testifies of Christ kjv@John:15:26 -- He glorifies Christ kjv@John:16:14 -- He has a power of his own kjv@Romans:15:13 -- He searches all things kjv@Romans:11:33 kjv@Romans:11:34 kjv@1Corinthians:2:10 kjv@1Corinthians:2:11 -- He works according to his own will kjv@1Corinthians:12:11 -- He dwells with saints kjv@John:14:17 -- He can be grieved kjv@Ephesians:4:30 -- He can be vexed kjv@Isaiah:63:10 -- He can be resisted kjv@Acts:7:51 -- He can be tempted kjv@Acts:5:9

Holy Spirit, the Teacher, the @ Promised kjv@Proverbs:1:23 -- As the Spirit of wisdom kjv@Isaiah:11:2 kjv@Isaiah:40:13 kjv@Isaiah:40:14 -- Given -- In answer to prayer kjv@Ephesians:1:16 kjv@Ephesians:1:17 -- To saints kjv@Nehemiah:9:20 kjv@1Corinthians:2:12 kjv@1Corinthians:2:13 -- Necessity for kjv@1Corinthians:2:9 kjv@1Corinthians:2:10 -- As such he -- Reveals the things of God kjv@1Corinthians:2:10 kjv@1Corinthians:2:13 -- Reveals the things of Christ kjv@John:16:14 -- Reveals the future kjv@Luke:2:26 kjv@Acts:21:11 -- Brings the words of Christ to remembrance kjv@John:14:26 -- Directs in the way of godliness kjv@Isaiah:30:21 kjv@Ezekiel:36:27 -- Teaches saints to answer persecutors kjv@Mark:13:11 kjv@Luke:12:12 -- Enables ministers to teach kjv@1Corinthians:12:8 -- Guides into all truth kjv@John:14:26 kjv@John:16:13 -- Directs the decisions of the Church kjv@Acts:15:28 -- Attend to the instruction of kjv@Revelation:2:7 kjv@Revelation:2:11 kjv@Revelation:2:29 -- The natural man will not receive the things of kjv@1Corinthians:2:14

Practical Aspects:

A multitude of men and women wiser than I have written extensively on these crucial theological doctrines, some of them I'd do better simply referring you to. But so that we are all on equal grounds understanding this difficult conceptual vocabulary I will be using, let me quote Matthew George Easton:


Quoted resource: easton 'Inspiration'

Inspiration @ that extraordinary or supernatural divine influence vouchsafed to those who wrote the Holy Scriptures, rendering their writings infallible. "All scripture is given by inspiration of God" (R.V., "Every scripture inspired of God"), kjv@2Timothy:3:16. This is true of all the "sacred writings," not in the sense of their being works of genius or of supernatural insight, but as "theopneustic," i.e., "breathed into by God" in such a sense that the writers were supernaturally guided to express exactly what God intended them to express as a revelation of his mind and will. The testimony of the sacred writers themselves abundantly demonstrates this truth; and if they are infallible as teachers of doctrine, then the doctrine of plenary inspiration must be accepted. There are no errors in the Bible as it came from God, none have been proved to exist. Difficulties and phenomena we cannot explain are not errors. All these books of the Old and New Testaments are inspired. We do not say that they contain, but that they are, the Word of God. The gift of inspiration rendered the writers the organs of God, for the infallible communication of his mind and will, in the very manner and words in which it was originally given. As to the nature of inspiration we have no information. This only we know, it rendered the writers infallible. They were all equally inspired, and are all equally infallible. The inspiration of the sacred writers did not change their characters. They retained all their individual peculiarities as thinkers or writers. (See BIBLE; WORD OF GOD

Logically , we "like precious" believers absolutely need this definition of divine inspiration to be true for our discussion of the "like precious" faith to hold water; and the critic is fully aware of this. The critic needs not strain to replace all the substantive change afforded by this inspiration with his own invention, he merely needs to shoot down ours. "To the unclean of heart all things are defiled" a wise man once wrote, such seems to be the case of with modern criticism.

Until it can be definitively proven that either God did not write this or that God does not even exist both sides are left playing a game of logic, one side buttressed by the evidences of the many lives the inspiration seems to transform, the other by the lack of God and godliness this present uninspired corruption seems to suggest. Which would you rather?

The point of the debate I would be more defenseless to is the issue of fallible private/corporate interpretation of what otherwise I believe to be divinely inspired holy writ. Peter is obviously not saying that prophecy and scripture are not subject on our part to private interpretation; they are laden with our efforts privately and corporately to better understand them. What he and the other bible authors are claiming is that the actual communications themselves are "God breathed" not "man thought of".

I am not so sure that this fallible handling of the infallible writ is altogether a bad thing as it forces us to try interpretations, to prove/test interpretations, to in fact make us all the more dependent upon direct relationships with our Lord and Savior. The problem is that man is going to take what ever he is given and find an immediate way of corrupting it one way or another. If he is to abandon his relationship in the quest for these intellectual ramblings he is likely to do nothing but spin his wheels.

God could have given us more or less detail than HE did. Perhaps that would have helped resolve some of this, but likely not. Whether opting for more or less, both are viable options for a righteous God to take, absence however is not (not if HE is going to judge). What we believe as "like precious" Christian believers is that God is very much righteous and HE has very much not been absent and that HE has favored a slightly minimal option which first and foremost draws from us the simple presumption of HIS righteousness (which is due in any loving relationship and longterm commitment) and from that a deeper quest in sincerity into HIS righteous in-errancy and truth.

Let us say for now that God has breathed to us the essentials to find our way into His further influence in the Holy Writ. His influence confirmed by Writ and Spirit can show us all the more. So much better is this than the critics' vacuous alternative!


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